In the most basic terms, offering fraud occurs when a person (or entity) makes material misrepresentations or omissions to potential investors in a new company (most commonly, promising those investors large “guaranteed” returns on their investments). Offering fraud cases have become more prominent in recent years, and it looks like the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is ready to start looking at the cannabis industry.

Last week, the Commission filed suit in the Central District of California against a group of individuals and companies for securities offering fraud and other violations of the Exchange Act. The Complaint outlines how nine issuer entities and their principals/control persons raised over $25 million from more than 400 investors in the 2017-2019 timeframe to supposedly finance the establishment of a licensed marijuana farm and CBD extraction facility in Salinas, California. In soliciting investments, the defendants misled and deceived actual and potential investors about their potential return on investment – which they claimed to be annual returns of 100% or more.

It gets worse. The Complaint outlines a litany of additional offenses:

The defendants deceived investors about how their investment funds would actually be used, misrepresented the compensation they intended to receive, and misappropriated

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